Wuhan, 2010: Chinese farmer Yang Youde fires his homemade cannon on the outskirts of Wuhan, Hubei province. Yang uses the cannons, which are made out of a wheelbarrow, pipes and fire rockets, to defend his fields against property developers who want his land.
Photograph: AFP/Getty Images.

Wenling, 2012: A house sits in the middle of a newly built road in the city, east China.
Photograph: Imaginechina/Rex Features.

Chongqing, 2007: A house, whose owner refused to accept a compensation deal by a property developer, is surrounded by the ongoing excavation at a construction site.
Photograph: China Photos/Getty Images AsiaPac.

Hefei 2010: A partially demolished nail house, the last house in the area.
Photograph: Jianan Yu/Reuters.

Hefei, 2008: A nail house at a construction site being developed for apartment blocks. The banner reads “strongly requesting the government to punish the developer who demolished my house, give back my home”.
Photograph: Jianan Yu/Reuters.

Kunming, 2010: Zhao Xing, 58, collects water near his partially demolished house at a construction site in Yunnan province. Zhao refused to move because of unsatisfactory compensation for his property, even though the water and electricity supply had been cut.
Photograph: Reuters.

The Guardian writes: “Land seizures have been a problem for years in China, and have given rise to the term ‘nail house’ to describe a holdout tenant or occupant, likening them to a nail refusing to be hammered down.”

CITIES, spatial poetics

spatial poetics: nail houses

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